A modern drill is a very versatile power tool. No matter the task, whether it involves assembling flat-pack furniture, building a deck, drilling holes through walls to mount objects, a drill makes it easy and enables making uniform holes in different materials.
There are a lot of models of drills available. They range from very powerful and robust tools that are packed with features demanded by professional tradespeople to more functional and typical versions most suited to the occasional home DIYer.
A great drill for you will be fit for your purpose and very good value for money. This guide should help you decide which drill is the most appropriate for your needs!
What Are The Different Types of Drill?
There are a couple of drill machines out there, some of them are designed to do better in one job than the other. But there's more to it, let's dig in!
These types of drills are perfect for smaller household jobs. They can function as a drill as well as a screwdriver and will cope with wood and thin metal. Drill drivers are not designed to be used with masonry or heavy-duty jobs. They are more appropriate if you only need a drill for light use. A drill driver is a very reasonably priced option to consider.
These types of drills were designed to do one job – to drive in screws. They are very efficient in removing over-tightened or frozen screws. They save a lot of time too especially when you are carrying out a project that involves volumes of screws, such as building a deck.
Combi drills are very versatile and great all-rounder drills. They work well for wood, brick, concrete, and steel, and with a combination of driver, hammer, and impact settings. Usually, a combi drill can tackle most jobs. Cordless combi drills are very popular for carrying out home DIY projects.
The hammer drill like its name is a heavyweight drill that is specifically designed to drill into stone, masonry, and concrete. Its hammering action produces quicker drilling that makes it really appropriate for really heavy work.
SDS (Special Drive System) Rotary Hammer Drills
These are highly specialized, and more expensive, drills. They are usually more powerful than standard hammer drills and are used for really heavy-duty jobs. An SDS drill has the featured choice of turning off the rotary action so the tools can chisel through stone and concrete.
Which Ones Are Better: Cordless Drills or Corded Drills?
These kinds of drills are very popular for a good reason. Cordless drills are powered by efficient, rechargeable Lithium-ion batteries. They are built to work wherever they are needed. They are lightweight and also comfortable to use over a long period of time. The more power a job requires, the quicker the battery will be drained. Most Li-ion batteries can be fully recharged in an hour or less. You can always buy extra batteries if you always need to work for long periods at a go.
- They are very portable and convenient
- They are lightweight and comfortable to use for longer periods
- They are not as powerful as corded drills
- The tools productivity is hugely impacted by the battery life
- They are more expensive
This kind of drill connects to the mains supply. You will need access either to a plug socket or an extension lead. They can be used for long periods without worry about battery life. A corded drill equipped with the right drill bits, can tackle metal, stone, and drill large holes with ease. Corded drills mostly come equipped with a double handle, so they can be safely and effectively used for heavy-duty tasks.
- They are more powerful than their cordless counterparts.
- They are cheaper than cordless models.
- They are not as portable as cordless drills.
- They are also usually larger and heavier to handle and hold.
What Things Should You Consider When Looking For A Drill?
To get the type of drill you need, you will need to consider a lot of factors. How often do you intend to use it? What types of jobs do you want it to perform? Which materials do you tend to work with?
When choosing a drill, it’s best to examine these product features to help you make the right decision.
Measured in Newton-meters (Nm), this is the force that causes rotation in a drill. Put simply, more torque means higher drilling force. A higher torque setting would usually be required for tough materials, like brickwork. For more delicate materials (like wood) a lower torque setting reduces the amount of damage. Torque control, sometimes referred to as a variable clutch setting, allows you to adjust the torque to fit the material you are using.
The speed of a drill is measured in RPM (revolutions per minute). You require less speed to drill softer materials. High speed is needed for drilling into harder materials. Drills that offer variable speed features are useful for working with a range of materials. Single-speed drills on the other hand are not the most versatile.
Some drills have the function that allows them to change the direction of the drill and bits. They are usually for loosening bolts and screws.
The chuck is the section of the drill that keeps the drill bit in place. The chuck determines what size of drill bit shaft the drill can accommodate. The two most popular chuck sizes are 10mm and 13mm chucks. 10mm chucks are sufficient for most home DIY use, 13mm chucks are more for heavy-duty applications.
Drills that come equipped with more than one gear allow you to select different speed ranges. You get the option to control the speed of single gear drills with the speed control trigger.
Drilling capacity is the maximum diameter of the drill bit that can be used. You should always check that the drill bits are compatible with the drill you are using.